Lunes, Oktubre 15, 2012
I will present you several examples of editorial cartooning, all you need to identify the message of the shown picture.
-send me your answer via SMS
The first student who got the right answer will be exempted on the quiz and the first ten will have 5 additional points.
Most political cartoons try to be informative and entertaining, but fail at both. It's not that political humor can't be funny; it's just that these cartoonists are bad at it. Here's how:
-Labels: The reason of using labels is that they're either useless or necessary. Either a joke makes no sense without a label explaining what's going on, or the situation is so obvious that using labels is treating the readers as if their brains were made of dildos.
-Obviousness: When was the last time a political cartoon actually tried to make an insightful point? When was the last time they had anything original? Here's a great example: When the news was reporting on the building of a massive wall along the US-Mexico border, there were literally dozens of cartoons making the same joke: "WHAT IF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS COULD BE HIRED AS CHEAP LABOR TO BUILD THE WALL SO THAT ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS COULDN'T ENTER THE US? IRONY."
When they're not making obvious jokes, they're making incredibly simple observations that weren't funny to begin with and attempt to milk them for all they're worth.
-No knowledge required: Everyone is entitled to their opinion. However, when an issue requires extensive knowledge on a subject in order to actually understand and make assessments in regards to it, people who have no background in that particular area need to do everyone a favor and need not to speak. Political cartoonists however, can't grasp this concept, which probably why they're writing political cartoons and not doing something that requires intelligence, like ditch digging.
Yes, cartoonists care about factual accuracy about as much as Hitler cared about giving his employees the day off on Yom Kippur. The best example comes from anytime it snows, where a comic shows a sign on a building saying something to the extent of "global warming meeting canceled due to snow," because snow is proof that the climate hasn't changed at all and therefore the comic is ironic, meaning the comic is both funny and informative. With this accomplished, the cartoonist is so happy that any chance of him/her realizing how stupid this sounds vanishes.
-Exaggerations: There are no issues that are in black and white, the people involved in those issues vary greatly in their beliefs, and there is no simple way to summarize an issue in a few words. At this point, you might think we're being unfair and (ironically) exaggerating the flaws of political cartoonists. We assure you, we're not.
A Pulitzer Prize winner, Clay Bennett:
"Editorial cartoons are not always about politics," Bennett explains. "As long as it's got an opinion on a topic, it's an editorial cartoon." When he's thinking about ideas for cartoons, he doodles. His desk and the floor of his office are littered with dozens of pieces of paper covered with doodles."It sounds so mindless, and editorial cartooning is so mindful," Bennett says, "but I doodle all the time."
"Draw about what's important to you. Do you have too much homework? Do a cartoon about that. Draw about stuff at school. But watch out for caricatures of teachers!” Bennett also suggests paying attention to the news. "Read papers; listen to the radio." Not Britney Spears or Lindsay Lohan, but National Public Radio or news programs. In fact, "my kids don't even think the radio in my car has any other stations than news," he says. "It's always just news, news, news all the time."
Editorial- 1000 days
|(The Philippine Star) Updated August 20, 2012 12:00 AM|
A great and interesting website about editorial cartooning:
Linggo, Oktubre 14, 2012
10 Drawing Techniques
- Use basic ingredients for an effective cartoon drawing such as 'simplicity', 'expression' and 'exaggeration'. use simple symbols and simple drawings but can still provoke the expression of the mass and is exaggerated to avoid being boring-instead, it will bring laughter or madness to the readers.
- In drawing personalities, exaggerate the prominent features of the subject. Exaggerate on parts where in an individual is known to emphasize that IT IS HIM/SHE.
- Take advantage of your medium. -pen, brush and ink; charcoal or dark pencil; contrast the black and white; dark areas tend to catch the focus of the eyes.
- Properly place your shadows- simplify your light source. If you draw a cartoon where in your light source can't be determine, it will reflect into a weak, not-so-smart cartoonist.
- Read and draw left to right.
- Use less words and more symbols. Remember- 'less words, less libelous it will be'.
- Don't overwork your drawing. Don;t make the ideas crowded or it will bring confusions to the readers.
- Keep your message clear and understandable.
- If possible, apply 'balance and composition'; 'depth and perspective.
- be funny, except in tragic situations
- don't use mediums which you are not used to, it will just destroy your cartoon.
How to Conceptualize
- read and listen- research issues and study your facts well
- decide on your point of view or angle of your chosen issue
- make opinions(comments) about the issue
- make/translate your comment into coordinating, representative graphic symbols
- take into consideration the paper's target readers
- sketch or make simple drawings
- draw your final cartoon
Ways to Present your View
- take the issue to a ridiculous situation
- exaggerate the effect of an issue
- use cliche or something contemporary or 'in'
- put together two events, even unrelated ones
- take quotes literally, play with words
- consider the occasion
- make an interesting artwork
- caricature a political figure and add a punchline
Sabado, Oktubre 13, 2012
Common Political Cartoon Symbols
- Philippine Government - president, Philippine flag
- freedom and democracy - flying eagle
- warfare - hawk
- fetus, baby - new generation
- peace - dove, olive branch, peace symbol
- victory - wreath of laurels
- time - hourglass, big clock
- death - skull and crossbones
- danger - cliff, falling objects, skull and crossbones, dark shades
- hope - rainbow
- slow pace - snail, turtle
- wealth and power - money bags, large and fat people
- weak - small, thin people
- court - bench
- corrupt - crocodile
- typewriter - press
check with this:
Tips in Making Editorial Cartoon
- give most importance in originality and clarity of your Cartoon's ideas and artistry
- select update/current interesting news and draw a caricature of the personalities involved.
- study professionally drawn editorial cartoons. STUDY THEM- DON'T COPY
- don't include so many ideas on your cartoon, decide on a single point
- use black ink- draw in bold lines and keep lettering large and legible
- draw in horizontal
- don't do SLOGAN- limit the use of words and labels
- turn complex ideas into simple and understandable but thought provoking
- go for emotion- aim to trigger emotional response from the readers
- target local news
- be careful in placing labels-change parts that can be libelous
- use frame or border
History of Editorial Cartooning Part II
The arts of Aleman was joined with Italy- and it's result is the standard cartoons we can see during 18th century. These cartoons became an important medium of articles discussing serious issues of society. Cartoons were made funny, with sense of humor and can influence public opinion about the issue.
Therefore, political cartoon is characterized of caricature- where in personalities is made funny; and allusion- a situation or a location where the individual will be placed.
In the rise and progress of the press freedom, it also brought political cartoon with it and EDITORIAL CARTOON has pop out.
On the time of Capitalism, that was when political and editorial cartoon reached Philippines. The oldest political/editorial cartoon in the Philippines was made during the colonialism of Americans and Japanese.
Political cartoons also served an important role during Martial Law but it's record of participation is limited. This was because of strict control over the papers by the dictatorial system.
That's why when articles and papers was finally free, cartoons came back on the limelight. But because of low support from the publishers, cartoon was once again placed on the lowest concern and was placed on the last pages of papers. we can noticed even now that the name of the Art Director is the one written on the Editorial Box and not the name of the Editorial Cartoonist.
Overall, the progress of editorial cartoon stopped when press freedom died during the Martial Law.
History of Editorial Cartooning Part I
Editorial Cartoon is a political cartoon and was originated from caricature. it is said that caricature comes from Mediterranean and is known because of Da Vinci.
It was Da Vinci's medium in finding an ideal form of deformity. But for the reason that during that time, canvass were the most displayed arts, caricature was taken as a 'fanciful exercise' and has no artistic value on the market.
In result, caricature was boxed in 'portraiture'. Artists like Agostino and Annibale Carraci fought against this portraiture and come up with a caricature they called 'counter art'. Counter art is a fast and expression base drawing where in prominent body parts and characters of a person is exaggerated which results in being funny and laugh stock of the people.
As the time passed, cartoons in editorial became existent in Europe- in the time of Protestant Reformation in Aleman. the said reform movement used many visual propagand to reach the people of Aleman.
Some of the reasons why political cartoons became widely accepted was because of deep rooted oppositions of artists on the field of wood cutting and metal engraving and because of high level of illiteracy.
Lunes, Oktubre 8, 2012
Editorial cartoon is also known as political cartoon. The word cartoon is derived from the words caricature and lampoon which means portrait that exaggerates and criticizing.
- This is a drawing or portrait representing an editorial article about current issues or controversial issues.
- This is the most powerful, most effective and most reliable part of a news paper to attract readers to read more about the issue being discussed.
- This is an illustration of events, personalities, social illness such as corruptions that always uses humor, symbols and exaggerations to be funny and to catch the readers' attention.
- This is a section where opinions and interpretations are expressed through drawings.
Facts about Editorial Cartoons:
- Editorial Cartoons are an integral part of many newspaper editorial pages and are used to highlight the single most significant aspect of a news item.
- Editorial cartoons reflect a subjective evaluation of a news story highlight.
- Editorial cartoons focus on a single item that is clearly identified. They also may represent a simplification of a complex issue.
- An effective cartoonist makes use of several specific “tools” to make his or her points clear.
- It is usually necessary for a reader to be familiar with current events in order to understand the meaning of editorial cartoons..